Oak Leaves
Hartley Nature Center
Natural History. Stewardship. Sustainability.
Home > Exploring the Park > Timeline of Human History in Hartley Park

Timeline of Human History in Hartley Park

1853 - Guilford Graham Hartley is born in New Brunswick.

1883 - Guilford marries Caroline Woodward in Minneapolis.

1890 - Guilford Hartley purchases 80 acres of land straddling Woodland Ave. in Duluth, Minnesota. The land is cleared for commercial produce and dairy, and becomes the Smaller Allandale Farm.

1900-1911 - Hartley purchases another 700 acres, expanding both produce and dairy capacity, thereby becoming the largest private farm in Duluth (known now as the Greater Allandale Farm).

1913 - Hartley Road and Hartley Pond are constructed, the latter by a man-made dam on Tischer Creek.

1919 - A Farm House and Root Cellar are built at the base of Rock Knob, the remnants of which are some of the only traces of the farm left today.

1922 - Guilford Graham Hartley passes away.

1923 - A change in zoning increases the farm tax load by 20%, resulting in a rapid decline in both profit and interest that will mark the end of the farm.

1931 - Hartley Estate fails to pay taxes and the fields are abandoned.

1941 - The Hartley Land is cleared of buildings and earns park status from the City of Duluth.

1961-1968 - An asphalt Soap Box Derby track is constructed and used until interest declines.

1975-2001 - Various improvements for public enjoyment are made, including cross-country ski trails, vehicle prohibition, and the pond amphitheatre construction.

2003 - August, the new Hartley Nature Center Building officially opens, marking a new era of stewardship and sustainability for the Park and for Duluth.

Hartley Nature Center

3001 Woodland Ave
Duluth, MN 55803


home    site map

Nature Center Hours
Monday-Friday: 9-5
Saturday: 10-5

Location map

Hartley on Facebook  Visit us on Facebook

2016 Presenting Sponsors

Miller Hill Subaru, Duluth, MN Subaru